In the present work a macroporous brushite bone cement for use either as an injected or mouldable paste, or in the shape of preformed grafts, has been investigated. Macropores have been introduced by adding to the powder single crystals of mannitol which worked as a porogen. The size of the crystals was in the range of 250–500 μm in diameter, suitable for cell infiltration, with a shape ratio between 3 and 6. From compression tests on cylindrical samples an elastic modulus in the range 2.5–4.2 GPa and a compressive strength in the range 17.5–32.6 MPa were obtained for a volume fraction of macropores varying between 15 and 0%. Thus the compressive strength exceeded in all tests the maximum value currently attributed to cancellous bone.
1 Jul 2009
Volume: 5 Issue: 6 Pages: 2161-2168