This article demonstrates the possibility to use a novel powerful approach based on Raman mapping of analyte solutions drop casted on a disordered array of Ag covered silicon nanowires (Ag/SiNWs), to identify the characteristic spectral signal of the four DNA bases, adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), and guanine (G), at concentration as low as 10 ng/µL, and to study their specific way of interacting with the nanostructured substrate. The results show a distinctive and amplified interaction of guanine, the base that is most susceptible to oxidation, with the nanostructured surface. Our findings explain the recently revealed diverse behaviour of cancer and normal DNA deposited on the same Ag/SiNWs, which is ascribed to mechanical deformation and base lesions present on the oxidised DNA molecule backbone and causes detectable variation in the Raman signal, usable for diagnostic purposes. The notable bio-analytical capability of the presented platform, and its sensitivity to the molecule mechanical conformation at the single-base level, thus provides a new reliable, rapid, label-free DNA diagnostic methodology alternative to more sophisticated and expensive sequencing ones.
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
1 Mar 2021
Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 264