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This paper reports on linear and nonlinear optical properties of channel waveguides made of micromachined SiO2/Si Vgrooves filled with nematic liquid crystal E7. Experiments demonstrate operation of the waveguides in the C-band (1530 - 1565 nm). Molecular reorientation of the NLC, induced either by an applied low frequency electric field or by the electric field of the light itself, changes the LC refractive index distribution then allowing the control of guided light. Design criteria and techniques of channel waveguides for both electro-optical and all-optical switching and modulation will be discussed. Experiments are presented where it is showed that light at 1550 nm, fiber-coupled to the LC waveguide is optically modulated by an optical beam with an input power below 25 mW. All-optical switching of a signal at 1510 nm with a contrast over 10 dB is also demonstrated by using a copropagating control signal at …
International Society for Optics and Photonics
Publication date: 
18 Aug 2010

Antonio d'Alessandro, Rita Asquini, Marco Trotta, Romeo Beccherelli

Biblio References: 
Volume: 7775 Pages: 777510
Liquid Crystals XIV